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Defining The Interactions Between Calcium (Ca) And Zinc (Zn) And Dietary Strategies For Improving Their Availabilities In The Nourishment Of The Growing Swine - A Review

Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition
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Author(s)
Johnson, N. C., Iorliam, B.
Keywords
Antagonism, Calcium, Interactions, Nourishment, Swine and Zinc
Abstract
Calcium level in swine diet is above 1g/kg of diet and hence is a macro-mineral whereas Zn is less than 1g/kg of diet and hence is a micro-mineral. Ca is naturally antagonistic to Zn and as such causes Zn deficiency when their dietary concentrations are not balanced. This stresses the need to understand the nature of ionic interactions existing between these two important minerals as well as other important dietary factors affecting their solubilities and assimilations in the nourishment of the growing pig as to better understand their dietary inclusion levels; to ensure their availabilities to the animal. Therefore, it is important to also note that the interactions between dietary Ca and Zn ions are very dynamic, complex and concentration dependent. Defining some of these essential interactions between their soluble ions would help better guard the nutrition and management of these minerals in the nourishment of the growing pig. Here, the possible interactions between Ca and Zn soluble ions are defined and expanded, including other dietary factors that help in maintaining their homeostasis.
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