IJARP
SJIF(2020): 5.702

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

Haematological Responses Of Grower Pigs Fed Crude Oil-Contaminated Diets

Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Author(s)
Johnson, N. C., Okejim, J. O., Amakiri, A. O.
Keywords
Blood Parameters, Crude Oil, Contamination and Pig.
Abstract
The effects of graded levels of crude oil-contaminated diets were investigated on haematological parameters in growing pigs. 24 pigs of average body weight (BW) of 8 ± 1.1 (Mean ± SD) kg were used in the trial. The animals on arrival at the Animal Wing, Rivers State University were randomly allotted to their experimental pens. There were 6 dietary treatments with varied levels of crude oil contaminations as: 0g (control group), 2g, 4g, 6g, 8g and 10g of crude oil/kg of diet, respectively. There were 4 replications per treatment. The animals were fed at 5% of their BW. Trial lasted for 4 weeks (28d); blood samples were collected from all animal treatment groups and immediately snap frozen. Red blood cell (RBC) counts, haemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV) concentrations as well as white blood cell (WBC) counts, including their differentials: neutrophils (NEU), lymphocytes (LYM), eosinophil (EOS) and monocytes (MON) were analyzed. There were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in the RBC, Hb and PCV contents. Furthermore, there were no significant (P > 0.05) differences in the WBC counts as well as their differentials. It was concluded that growing pigs can ingest up to 10g of crude oil/kg of diet without any negative effects on blood constituents of the growing pig.
References
[1]. P. O. Akporhuarho. 2011. Effects of crude oil polluted water on the haematology of cockerel reared under semi-intensive system. Inter. J. Poult. Sci. 10(7):527-529.

[2]. G. M. Babatunde, A. O. Fajimi, and A. O. Oyejide. 1992. Rubber seed oil versus palm oil in brooder chicken diet. Effect on performance nutrient digestibility, hematology and carcass characteristics. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 35:133-146.

[3]. A. A. Braide, O. A. Adegoke, E. O. Bamigbowu and M. B. O. Ayodele. 2011. Effects of sugar on some haematological parameters in albino rats fed with petroleum contaminated diet. Inter. J. Applied Bio. Res. 3(1):90-99.

[4]. E. A. Dede, N. M. Igboh, and A. O. Ayalogu. 2002. Chronic study of crude petroleum Bonny Light, kerosene and gasoline using haematological parameters. J. applied Sci. Environ. Magt. 6(1):60-63.

[5]. B. U. Ekenyem and C. Madubuike. 2006. Hematology and serum biochemistry of grower pigs fed varying levels of Ipomea asarifolia leaf meal. Pakistan J. Nutr. 6(6):603-606.

[6]. N. C. Johnson, S. O. Popoola and O. J. Owen. 2019. Effects of single and combined antioxidant vitamins on growing pig performance and pork quality. Inter. J. Advance. Res. Public. 3(8):86-89.

[7]. F. M. Ngodigha, F. O. Olayinka, B. M. Oruwari, I. K. Ekweozor and S. N. Wekhe. 1999. Toxic effects of crude oil on organ weights and blood cells of West African Dwarf Goat. Nig. Vet. J. 20(10:82-91.

[8]. NRC, (2012). Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 11th (ed.) Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC.

[9]. S. S. Ovuru and I. K. E. Ekweozor. 2004. Haematological change associated with crude oil ingestion in experimentation rabbits. Afr. J. Biotech. 3(6):346-348.

[10]. G. Saita. 1974. Benzene induced hypoplastic anaemia and leukaemia in blood disorder due to drugs and other agents. In: Girdwood R. A. (Ed.). Excerpta Medic Riedel Publications, Amsterdam, pp. 127-145.