IJARP SJIF(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

Study Of The Airborne Pollen Grains In Rosetta, Egypt

Volume 3 - Issue 3, March 2019 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Author(s)
Wafaa K. Taia, Mohamed I. Ibrahim, Eman M. Bassiouni
Keywords
Rosetta- Egypt- Pollen calendar- Aerobiology- Pollen allergy.
Abstract
An aeropalynological study was carried out in the atmosphere of Rosetta city, Egypt during a period of one year from August 2015 until July 2016, using a Hirst type volumetric pollen trap. An annual pollen index of 1991 grains was obtained with the highest pollen records from February till May. The main pollen taxain abundance order are Poaceae, Arecaceae, Chenopodiaceae/Amaranthaceae complex, Casuarina, Cupressaceae, Urtica, Pinus, Myrtaceae. A total of eight pollen types with minimum 10-day mean equal to or greater than 0.1 pollen grains/m3 of air are involved to construct an approximate pollen calendar.The data obtained in this work was compared with others elsewhere in the world. Correlation effects between pollen counts and different meteorological parameters (temperature, rainfall and relative humidity) as well as number of allergic patients were investigated. Most of the recorded pollen grains are of allergenic effects.
References
[1]. Agashe, S. N., Bapat, B. N., Bapat, H. N. and Philip, E., 1994. Aerobiology of Casuarina pollen and its significance as a potential aeroallergen. Aerobiologia,10(2): 123-128.

[2]. Burton, P. K. and Katelaris, C. H., 2007. Charac-teristics of the Casuarina pollen season in the Sydney District, NSW. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 119(1): S102.

[3]. Charpin, D., Calleja, M., Lahoz, C., Pichot, C. and Waisel, Y., 2005. Allergy to cypress pol-len. Allergy, 60: 293–301.

[4]. Cohen, J., 1988. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd edition). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

[5]. D’Amato, G., Cecchi, C., Bonini, S., Nunes, C., Annesi-Maesano, I., Behrendt, H., Liccardi, G., Popov, T. and van Cauwenberge, P., 2007. Aller-genic pollen and pollen allergy in Europe. Allergy, 62: 976-990.

[6]. De La Cruz, D. R., Sánchez-Reyes, E. and Sánchez-Sánchez, J., 2012. Analysis of Cheno-podiaceae-Amaranthaceae airborne pollen in Salamanca, Spain. Turk. J. Bot., 36: 336-343.

[7]. Di Felice, G., Barletta, B., Tinghino, R. and Pini, C., 2001. Cupressaceae pollinosis: identification, purification and cloning of relevant allergens. Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol., 125(4): 280-289.

[8]. Docampo, S., Recio, M., Trigo, M. M., Melgar, M. and Cabezudo, B., 2007. Risk of pollen allergy in Nerja (southern Spain): a pollen calendar. Aerobiologia, 23:189–199.

[9]. Dušička, J., Mičieta, K., Brutovska, E., Samelo-va, A., Ščevkova, J., Zamečnikova, M. and Terenova, A., 2013. Aeropalynological aspects in the detection of the quality of air in Bratislava. Ekol. Bratislava, 32 (1): 39—53.

[10]. El-Ghazaly, G. and Fawzy, M., 1988. Pollen cal-endar of Alexandria (Egypt), 1981-1982. Grana 27: 85-87.

[11]. Essien, B. C. and Agwu, C. O. C., 2013. Aero-palynological study of Anyigba, Kogi State, Ni-geria. Stand. Sci. Res. Essays, 13: 347-351.

[12]. Fountain, D. W. and Cornford. C. A., 1991. Aer-obiology and allergenicity of Pinus radiate pollen in New Zealand. Grana, 30: 71-75.

[13]. Frei, T. and Wüthrich, B., 1997. Das nationale Pollen messnetz in der Schweiz auf Hintergrund epidemiologischer Entwicklung zur Pollen aller-gie. In: 4. Europäisches Pollenflug-Symposium, 28 February–2 March 1997, Bad Lippspringe, p. 27-29.

[14]. Friedhoff, L. R., Ehrlich-Kantzky, E., Grant, J. H., Meyers, D. A. and Marsh, D. G., 1986. A study of the human response to Lolium perenne (rye) pollen and its components, Lol p 1 and 2 (rye I and rye II). J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 78:1190–1201.

[15]. Galán, C., Carinanos, P., Alcázar, P. and Dominguez, E., 2007. Spanish Aerobiological Network (REA): Management and Quality Man-ual. Ed. Córdoba: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Córdoba, Spain.

[16]. Garcia, J. J., Trigo, M. M., Cabezudo, B., Recio, M., Vega, J. M., Barber, D., Carmona, M. J., Cervera, J. A., Toro, F. J. and Miranda, A., 1997. Pollinosis due to Australian pine (Casuarina): An aerobiologic and clinical study in southern Spain. Allergy, 52(1):11-17.

[17]. Gibbs, J. E. M., 2015. Eucalyptus pollen allergy and asthma in children: A cross-sectional study in South-East Queensland, Australia. PLoS One, 10(5): e0126506.

[18]. Haberle, S. G., Bowman, D. M. J. S., Newnham, R. M., Johnsyin, F. H., Beggs, P. J., Buters, J., Campbell, B., Erbas, B., Godwin, I., Green, B. J., Huete, a., Jaggard, A. K., Medek, D., Murray, F., Newbing, Ed., Thibaudon, M., Vicendese, D., Williamson, G. J. and Davies, J. M., 2014. The Macroecology of airborne pollen in Australian and New Zealand urban areas. PLoS One, 9(5): e97925.

[19]. Hasnain, S. M., Al-Frayh, A. R., Subiza, J. L., Fernández-Caldas, E., Casanovas, M., Geith, T., Gad-El-Rab, M. O., Koshak, E., Al-Mehdar, H., Al-Sowaidi, S., Al-Matar, H., Khouqeer, R., Al-Abbad, K., Al-Yamani, M., Alaqi, E., Musa, O. A. and Al-Sedairy, S., 2012. Sensi-tization to indigenous pollen and molds and other outdoor and indoor allergens in allergic patients from Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Sudan. World Allergy Organ. J., 5(6): 59-65.

[20]. Hirst, J. M., 1952. An automatic volumetric spore trap. Ann. Appl. Biol., 39: 257-265.

[21]. Howlett, B. J., Vithanage, H. M. V. and Knox, R. B. 1981. Pollen antigens, allergens and enzymes. - In: Commentaries in plant science. Vol. 2. (ed. H. Smith), Pergamon Press, Oxford, p. 191-207.

[22]. Ishizaki, T., Koizumi, K., Ikemori, R., Ishiyama, Y. and Kushibiki, E., 1987. Studies of prevalence of Japanese cedar pollinosis among residents in a densely cultivated area. Ann. Allergy, 58:265–270.

[23]. Majd, A. and Ghanati, F., 1995. The effect of air pollution on pollen grain allergenicity of Pinus elderica (Pinaceae) pollen. Grana, 34: 208-211.

[24]. Myszkowska, D., Jenner, B., Stępalska, D. and Czarnobilska, E., 2011. The pollen dynamics and the relationship among some pollen season char-acteristics (start, end, annual total, pollen season phases) in Kraków, Poland, 1991–2008. Aerobiologia, 27(3): 229–238.

[25]. O’Rourke, M. K., 1996. Chapter 23F. Medical palynology; in Jansonius, J. and McGregor, D. C. (ed.), Palynology; principles and applications. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynolo-gists Foundation, 3: 945-955.

[26]. Radwan, R. A., Barakat, M. M., Selim, M. A. and Fouda, E. E., 2006. Date palm pollen: A signifi-cant asthma and allergy inducer. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 117(2): S111.

[27]. Roopashree, S., Somashekar, R. K. and Prasanna Kumar, C. N., 2014. Study on airborne pollen in the atmosphere of Bangalore city. Int. J. Adv. Res., 2(4): 83-89.

[28]. Saad, S. I., 1958. Studies in atmospheric pollen grains and fungus spores at Alexandria. I. A daily census of pollen. Egypt. J. Bot., 1: 53-61.

[29]. Sahney, M. and Chaurasia, S., 2008. Seasonal variations of airborne pollen in Allahabad, India. Ann. Agric. Environ., 15: 287–293.

[30]. Spieksma, F. Th. M., 1991. Regional European pollen calendars. In G. D’Amato, F. Th. M. Spieksma, and S. Bonini (Eds.), Allergenic pollen and pollinosis in Europe (p.49–65). Oxford: Blackwell Sci. Publ.

[31]. Stohs, S. J. and Miller, M. J., 2014. A case study involving allergic reactions to sulfur-containing compounds including sulfite, taurine, acesulfame potassium and sulfomnides. Food Chem. Toxi-col., 63: 240-243.

[32]. Tiotiu, A., Brazdova, A., Longé, C., Gallet, P., Morisset, M., Leduc, V., Hilger, C., Broussard, C., Couderc, R., Sutra, J. P., Sénéchal, H. and Poncet, P., 2016. Urticadioica pollen allergy: Clinical, biological, and allergomics analysis. Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol., 117(5):527-534.

[33]. Türe, C. and Böcük, H., 2009. Analysis of air-borne pollen grains in Bilecik, Turkey. Environ. Monit. Assess., 151: 27–35.