SJIF(2020): 5.702

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

Balneotherapy/Spa Therapy: Potential Of Nigerian Thermal Hot Spring Waters For Musculoskeletal Disorders And Chronic Health Conditions

Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Oluwaseun O.T., Makama A.Y., Ibrahim S.Z., Rahman S. A., Oladimeji O.
balneotherapy, chronic health conditions, musculoskeletal disorders, Nigeria, thermal mineral water.
Musculoskeletal disorders and chronic health conditions are leading causes of death and disability all over the world. The prevalence of such disorders pose great social and economic burden due to the wide variety of the pathological conditions. Complementary/integrative interventions are commonly utilized to improve quality of life and productivity in such conditions. One approach often recommended is the use of thermal mineral water from hot springs known as balneotherapy/spa therapy. This practice is prevalent in Turkey, Hungary, Romania, Germany, Portugal, Japan, Poland, Spain, Italy, and France. Its therapeutic potentials being reported for various rheumatic diseases, multiple sclerosis, type 2 Diabetes, dermatitis, fibromyalgia, chronic low back pain, cardiovascular disease, chronic venous insufficiency, stress, psoriasis as well as metabolic and respiratory conditions. There are several known and unknown thermal springs in Nigeria which could be effectively utilized for balneotherapy/spa complementary therapy in various prevalent pathological conditions. Among the available thermal springs in the country, only 2 have been developed for leisure and tourism, with none offering spa facilities for therapeutic purposes. This stipulates that such practice is not well-known in the country. This study therefore aims to provide insights into this significant but neglected healthcare option for musculoskeletal disorders and other chronic health conditions based on the physicochemical data of the thermal springs obtained from literatures. Nigerian thermal springs, if investigated and developed into modern health resort, can promote the health/economic development of the Nation by providing cost effective therapy in various pathological conditions.
[1] James, Spencer L., et al. "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017." The Lancet 392.10159 (2018): 1789-1858.

[2] Antonelli, Michele, and Davide Donelli. "Effects of balneotherapy and spa therapy on levels of cortisol as a stress biomarker: a systematic review." International journal of biometeorology 62.6 (2018): 913-924.

[3] Gushcha SD, Zabolotna I, Nasibullin B, et al. Possibilities of using natural mineral waters in the treatment of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Balneo Research Journal 10 (2019): 450-456

[4] Oláh, Mihály, et al. "The effect of balneotherapy on C-reactive protein, serum cholesterol, triglyceride, total antioxidant status and HSP-60 levels." International journal of biometeorology 54.3 (2010): 249-254.

[5] Jonker, Cornelia Zacharia. Balneological Classification of South African Thermal Springs. Diss. University of South Africa, 2016.

[6] Garba, M. L., et al. "Rafin rewa warm spring, a new geothermal discovery." American International Journal of Contemporary Research 2.9 (2012).

[7] Kurowska E., and Schoeneich K. “Geothermal exploration in Nigeria.” Proceedings World Geothermal Congress, Bali, Indonesia (2010).

[8] Nghargbu K, Ponikowska I, Kurowska E. Prospects for Balneotherapy in Nigeria. Actabalneologica 125 (2011): 164-168

[9] Nghargbu K, Ponikowska I, Latour T, Kurowska E, Schoeneich K, and Alagbe SA. “Geo-medical resource inventory of Nigeria”. In: Ibaraki M., and Mori H. (ed). Progress in Medical Geology Cambridge Scholar Publishing UK (2017): 146-165.

[10] Matz, Hagit, Edith Orion, and Ronni Wolf. "Balneotherapy in dermatology." Dermatologic therapy 16.2 (2003): 132-140.

[11] Dumitrascu, Mioara, and SC Biosafety SRL-D. "Chlorosodic mineral waters."

[12] Jonker, Cornelia Zacharia. "Balneological Classification of South African Thermal Springs." PhD diss., University of South Africa, 2016.

[13] Komatina, Miomir. Medical geology: effects of geological environments on human health. Vol. 2. Elsevier, 2004.

[14] Murakami, Shinnosuke. "Multilateral understanding of hot springs by omics-based approaches."

[15] Xu, Li, et al. "Effect of a 21-day balneotherapy program on blood cell counts, ponogen levels, and blood biochemical indexes in servicemen in sub-health condition." Journal of physical therapy science 29.9 (2017): 1573-1577.

[16] Fioravanti, Antonella, et al. "Efficacy of balneotherapy on pain, function and quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee." International journal of biometeorology 56.4 (2012): 583-590.

[17] Winkler, R., and M. Klieber. "Effect of balneotherapeutic measures on blood rheologic parameters in patients with atherosclerosis." Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 98.15 (1986): 490-495.

[18] Karagülle, Mine, Sinan Kardeş, and Müfit Zeki Karagülle. "Real-life effectiveness of spa therapy in rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases: a retrospective study of 819 patients." International journal of biometeorology 61.11 (2017): 1945-1956.

[19] Szucs, Laszlo, et al. "Double-blind trial on the effectiveness of the Puspokladany thermal water on arthrosis of the knee-joints." Journal of the Royal Society of Health 109.1 (1989): 7-9.

[20] Nusser, N., and K. Horváth. "Evaluation of the clinical efficiency of the thermal mineral water of harkany on patients with primary knee osteoarthritis.(Scientific Sessions: Methodology of Scientific Investigation--New Trends 1--Session 3)." Anales de Hidrologia Medica 6 (2012): 91-92.

[21] Tefner, Ildikó Katalin, et al. "The effect of spa therapy in chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled, single-blind, follow-up study." Rheumatology international 32.10 (2012): 3163-3169.

[22] Akinpelu, A. O., et al. "Prevalence and pattern of knee osteoarthritis in a North Eastern Nigerian rural community." East African Orthopaedic Journal 5.1 (2011).

[23] Ciumărnean¹, Vasile Rus. "Biochemical changes after consumption of mineral water from spring 3 in Baile Tusnad in experimentally induced alcoholic liverdisease." Health 3.4: 5.

[24] Munteanu, Constantin. "Ape minerale terapeutice." București: Editura Balneară,–64 p (2013).

[25] Schoppen, Stefanie, et al. "Does bicarbonated mineral water rich in sodium change insulin sensitivity of postmenopausal women?." Nutricion hospitalaria 22.5 (2007): 538-544.

[26] Fischer J. Saline water aerosols in airway diseases, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation, 20 (2010) Jahrgang, 2010, Heft 2, p59

[27] Lemko IS and Lemko OI, 2013: New technologies of haloaerosoltherapy at asthmatic patients, Balneo Research Journal, Vol. 4, 1, February 2013, p49-52

[28] Gabor ML, KopolovetsTI, Pavlovych GM and Lemko OI, 2013: The changes of cytokines levels in patients with community acquired pneumonia under the influence of haloaerosoltherapy, Conferinţa naţională de balneologi Editia a11-a, Slanic Moldova, 29 Mai – 01 Junie, 2013 in Balneo Research Journal , Vol. 4,.2 - Supliment Abstracts volume, p24

[29] Nica CI, Necula M, Macsim RG, Simionca I, Hoteteu M, Munteanu A, Rizea I and Stoian G 2013: Oxidative stress in halotherapeutical treatment of sensibilized wistar rats inhibits the activity of lung xanthine oxidase, Conferinţa naţională de balneologi Editia a11-a, Slanic Moldova, 29 Mai – 01 Iunie, 2013 in Balneo Research Journal , Vol. 4,.2, Supliment Abstracts volume, p13

[30] Franke A, 2010: Saline water and UV exposure in psoriasis: randomized controlled trials, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation, 20. Jahrgang, 2010, Heft 2, p57-58

[31] Altman N, 2000: Healing springs, Healing Art Press, Vermont.

[32] Albertini, Maria Cristina, et al. "Drinking mineral waters: biochemical effects and health implications–the state-of-the-art." International Journal of Environment and Health 1.1 (2007): 153-169.

[33] Schorr, Ulrike, Armin Distler, and Arya M. Sharma. "Effect of sodium chloride-and sodium bicarbonate-rich mineral water on blood pressure and metabolic parameters in elderly normotensive individuals: a randomized double-blind crossover trial." Journal of hypertension 14.1 (1996): 131-135.