IJARP SJIF(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

Aerobic Fitness Levels Among Undergraduate Students Of A Nigerian University Using Cooper’s 12-Minute Walk Test

Volume 2 - Issue 4, April 2018 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Author(s)
Ogundipe Akanni Oluwadare, Ogundiran Opeyemi Olufemi
Keywords
Aerobic capacity, Cardiorespiratory fitness, Cooper’s 12-minute walk test
Abstract
The objective of this study was to compare the aerobic capacity of the undergraduate students (non-athletes) of the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, with the minimum normative values of aerobic capacity in non-athletes, males and females. The sample for this research consisted of one hundred (100) undergraduate students of the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, with the age between 18-25 years. A post-test only design, involving the Cooper’s 12-minute walk test was used to evaluate their cardiorespiratory fitness. Data were collected, organized, and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. T-tests were used in testing the null hypotheses at 0.01 level of significance. It was evidenced that the aerobic capacity of males was higher than females. Furthermore, the mean VO2 max values in the male and female participants were significantly lower than their respective minimum normative values. The outcome of the study suggested a low cardiorespiratory fitness among the undergraduate, non-athlete students of the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
References
[1] G.A. Roth, C. Johnson, A. Abajobir,…….., and C. Murray, “Global, Regional, and National Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases for 10 Causes, 1990 to 2015”. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2017.04.052, 2017.

[2] R. Luepker, A. Evans, P. McKeigue, and K. Reddy, “Cardiovascular Survey Methods”. 3rd Edition. Published by the World Health Organization. ISBN: 9241545763. 2004.

[3] T.Y. Warren, V. Barry, S.P. Hooker, X. Sui, T.S. Church, and S.N. Blair, “Sedentary behaviors increase risk of cardiovascular disease mortality in men”. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42 (5). 879-85. 2010.

[4] M. Ng, T. Fleming, M. Robinson, B. Thomson, N. Graetz, C. Margono, . . . and S.O. Oti, "Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013": Erratum. The Lancet, 384(9945), 746. 2014.

[5] S. Dohle, and B. Wansink, “Fit in 50 years: participation in high school sports best predicts one's physical activity after age 70”. BMC Public Health. Dec 1;13:1100. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1100. 2013.

[6] C. Bouchard, and R.J. Shephard, “Physical activity, fitness, and health: The model and key concepts”. In C. Bouchard, R. J. Shephard, & T. Stephens (Eds.), physical activity, fitness, and health: International proceedings and consensus statement (pp. 77-88). Champaign, IL, England: Human Kinetics Publishers. 1994.

[7] E.O. Agwubike, “Physiology of muscular activities: Theory through question and answer approach”. Ambik Press. ISBN: 978-2979-49-X. 2016.

[8] H. Hebestreit, and O. Bar-Or, “The Young Athlete”. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. p.443. ISBN 978-1-4051-5647-9. 2008.

[9] S.N. Blair, “Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st century”. Br J Sports Med. 43:1-2. 2009.

[10] T. Noakes, “The Lore of Running”. (4th edition) Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-87322-959-2. 2003.

[11] V. Heyward, "Advance Fitness Assessment and Exercise Prescription, 3rd Ed". p. 48. 1998.

[12] A. Guyton and J.E. Hall, "Textbook of Medical Physiology, 12th Ed". pp. 1035–1036. 2011.