An Experimental Study On The Acceptance Of Students Towards People With Tattoo
Volume 4 - Issue 4, April 2020 Edition
[Download Full Paper]
Cannery S. Oleza, Jessica T. Carracedo, Christian Jasper C. Nicomedes, Cinderella A. Sta. Cruz
Despite the increasing popularity of tattoo nowadays, the stigma still occurs towards people with inked skin. The researchers aimed to determine the level of acceptance of MMC-CAST students towards people with tattoo. The data gathering was divided into two phases. First, a six-item survey questionnaire determining impression towards people with tattoo was conducted with a total of n=100 respondents. Secondly, an acceptance survey consisting of twenty-two items determining the level of acceptance of the respondents towards people with tattoo was given; and a video of an aid worker woman with a full body tattoo helping a malnourished child in Nigeria was shown. The video served as a treatment used by the researchers shown only on the experimental group. The students were divided into experimental group n=51 and control group n=79, with a total of n=130 respondents. On the actual laboratory experiment, a pre-test and post-test was conducted. The experimental group took a pre-test and watched the video before taking the post-test. The control group did not take the post-test. Results showed a significant difference between the results of pre-test and post-test on the impression and acceptance survey.
. Adams, J. (2009). Marked difference: Tattooing and its association with deviance in the United States. Deviant Behavior, 30, 266â€“292.
. Apel, R., Bushway, S. D., Paternoster, R., Brame, R., & Sweeten, G . (2008). Using state child labor laws to identify the causal effect of youth employment on deviant behavior and academic achievement. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 24, 337â€“362.
. Armstrong, M. (1994). Tattoos: A risk-taking art. Texas Nursing, 68, 8â€“9.
. Armstrong, M., Roberts, A., Owen, D., & Koch, J. (2004). Toward building a composite of college student influences with body art. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 27, 277â€“295
. Benjamins, L., Risser, W., Cronwell, P., Feldman, J., Bortot, A., Eissa, M., et al. (2006). Body art among minority high school athletes: Prevalence, interest, and satisfaction, parental knowledge and consent,. Journal of Adolescent Health, 39, 933â€“935.
. Boynton PM, Greenhalgh T. Selecting, designing and developing your Questionnaire. BMJ, 328:1312-15, 2004.
. Dovidio, J. F., Major, B., & Crocker, J. (2000). Stigma: Introduction and overview. In T. F. Heatherton, R. E. Kleck, M. R. Hebl, & J. G. Hull (Eds.), The social psychology of stigma (pp. 1â€“28). New York, NY: Guilford.
. DÃ¶rnyei, Z. (2007). Research methods in applied linguistics. New York: Oxford University Press.
. Dukes, R., & Stein, J. (2011). Ink and holes: Correlates and predictive associations of body modification among adolescents. Youth & Society, 43, 1547â€“1569.
. Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma: Notes on the management of spoiled identity.New York: Simon and Schuster.
. Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma: Notes on the management of spoiled identities. La Jolla, CA: Touchstone.
. Greif, J., Hewitt, W., & Armstrong, M. (1999). Tattooing and body piercing: Body art practices among college students. Clinical Nursing Research, 8, 368â€“385.
. Gunaydin, G., Selcuk, E., & Zayas, V. (2017). Impressions based on a portrait predict, 1-month later, impressions following a live interaction. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8, 36â€“44.
. Harris, M. J., & Garris, C. P. (2008). You never get a second chance to make a first impression: Behavioral consequences of first impressions. In N. Ambady & J. J. Skowronski (Eds.), First impressions (pp. 147â€“168). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
. Hebl, M. R., Tickle, J., & Heatherton, T. F. (2000). Awkward moments in interactions between non stigmatized and stigmatized individuals. In T. F. Heatherton, R. E. Kleck, M. R. Hebl, & J. G. Hull (Eds.), The social psychology of stigma (pp. 275â€“306). New York, NY: Guilford.
. Herek, G. M. (1999). AIDS and stigma. American Behavioral Scientist, 42, 1106â€“1116.
. Journal of The American Academy of Dermatology, 55, 413â€“421. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2006.03.026
. Kosut, M. (2006). An ironic fad: The commodification and consumption of tattoos. Journal of Popular Culture, 39, 1035â€“1048.
. Kristin A Broussard & Helen C Harton (2017): Tattoo or taboo? Tattoo stigma and negative attitudes toward tattooed individuals, The Journal of Social Psychology, DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2017.1373622
. Kristin A Broussard, Helen C Harton. The Journal of Social Psychology, September 2017
. Laumann, A. E., & Derick, A. J. (2016). Tattoos and body piercings in the United States: A national data set.
. Martin, B., & Dula, C. (2010). More than skin deep: Perceptions of, and stigma against, tattoos. College Student Journal, 44, 200â€“206.
. Mitchell, O. (2015). Experimental Research Design. In The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, W. G. Jennings (Ed.). doi:10.1002/9781118519639.wbecpx113
. Ocampo, K. M., & Castronuevo, E. (2016). The experiences of tattooing among selected Filipino young adults. The Bedan Journal of Psychology, 2, 82â€“90. http://www.sanbeda-alabang.edu.ph/bede/images/researchpublication/BedanJournalPsych/BJP2016v2-83. pdf
. One Tribe. (2017). Brief Filipino history on tattoo traditions.Retrievedfromhttp://www.onetribetattoo.com/history/filipino-tattoos.php
. Reeder, G. D., & Pryor, J. B. (2008). Dual psychological processes underlying public stigma and the implications for reducing stigma. Poverty and Human Development, 6, 175â€“186. doi:10.4103/0973-1229.36546
. Roberts, D. J. (2012). Secret ink: Tattooâ€™s place in contemporary American culture. The Journal of American Culture, 35, 153â€“165.
. Roberts, T., & Ryan, S. (2002). Tattooing and high risk behavior in adolescents. Pediatrics, 110, 1058â€“1063.
. Rydell, R. J., & McConnell, A. R. (2006). Understanding implicit and explicit attitude change: A systems of reasoning analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 995â€“1008.
. Saunders, M., Lewis, P. & Thornhill, A. (2012) â€œResearch Methods for Business Studentsâ€ 6th edition, Pearson Education Limited
. Scutt, R., & Gotch, C. (1974). Art, sex and symbol: The mystery of tattooing. New York: Barnes.
. Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
. Shannon-Massal, L. (2016, February 10). Tattoo takeover: Three in ten Americans have tattoos, and most donâ€™t stop at just one. Retrieved from http://www.theharrispoll.com/health-and-life/Tattoo_Takeover.html
. Tarman, Christopher & Sears, David O. (2005). "The Conceptualization and Measurement of Symbolic Racism". The Journal of Politics. 67 (3): 731â€“761. CiteSeerX10.1.1.551.3532.doi:10.1111/j.1468-2508.2005.00337.x
. "Acquiesce - Define Acquiesce at Dictionary.com". Dictionary.com.
. https://whitedudeinphilippines.wordpress.com/2016/04/19/tattoos-in-the-philippines-cost-culture-etc/ Tony Celentano 2016