International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (2456-9992)

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

Model-Driven Strategy For Aligning Business Motivation With Enterprise Business Processes

Volume 4 - Issue 5, May 2020 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Joe Essien
Alignment, ArchiMate, Business Process, Enterprise Architecture, Modelling, Organizational Goals
As modelling of enterprise continues to influence the way many organisations represent their business strategies and technologies, there is a commensurate growth in knowledge base with resolute lessons gained. This is despite criticism that Enterprise Architecture development should have started by the elaboration of an agreed architecture representation language in order to avoid contemporary perilous proposals. Many practitioners argue that since the advent of Enterprise Architecture (EA), a lot of prominence has continually been placed distinctively on business process modelling and information technology infrastructure with less emphasis on alignment and formalisation. Approaches such as top-down and bottom-up have been proffered with fastidious ambience of best practises for EA development. Without an extensible and comprehensive alignment strategy, it is difficult for enterprise to evaluate the usefulness of architectures as complex architectures are intricate and difficult to understand by stakeholders. This paper explores the adoption of EA models as an effective strategy for aligning EA models with business constraints and goals. It presents an approach for categorization and modelling of EA artefacts with focus on motivation abstraction to alignment of business processes with organizational goals. The paper proposes and exemplifies methods that can segregate domain knowledge from the operational knowledge and facilitates the analysis of the domain structures through formalised decomposition and systematic integration by use of standard modelling notations of ArchiMate. This approach contrasts significantly with other common perspective such as the maturity matrices, balanced scorecard and reference models and espouses the use of interrogative constructs of EA models to confirm that the EA model meets the intrinsic goals defined by their motivation.
[1] Tang, A., Han, J., & Chen, P. (2006). A Comparative Analysis of Architecture Frameworks, School of Information Technology, Centre for Component Software Volume VII, No. 2, 23 Issues in Information Systems.

[2] Carla M. P., C. M., & Sousa, P. (2005). Enterprise architecture: business and IT alignment. ACM SAC '05, Proceedings of the 2005 ACM symposium on Applied computing.

[3] Beznosov, K. (2000). Information enterprise architectures: problems and perspectives. In Written for the Advanced Topics in Software Engineering seminar given by Dr. Michael Evangelist at the School of Computer Science, Florida International University.

[4] Braun, C., & Winter, R. (2005). A Comprehensive Enterprise Architecture Metamodel and Its Implementation Using a Meta-modelling Platform, GI Edition, LNI, Enterprise Modelling and Information systems, Architectures, Proc. of the Workshop in Klagenfurt, Klagenfurt, 24.10.2005, P75

[5] TOG (2012). ArchiMate 2.1 Specification . The Open Group. Available at: http://pubs.opengroup.org/architecture/archimate2-doc/chap10.html. Accessed: March 2020.

[6] TOG (2013). Version 9.1. The Open Group. Available at: http://www.opengroup.org/togaf/. Accessed: March 2020.

[7] Chen, D., Doumeingts, G., & Vernadat, F. (2008). Architectures for enterprise integration and interoperability: Past, present and future. Computer and Industrial Engineering.

[8] Wegmann, A. (2002). The Systemic Enterprise Architecture Methodology (SEAM). Business and IT Alignment for Competitiveness (No. LAMS-REPORT-2002-009).

[9] Lopez, M. (2000). An Evaluation Theory Perspective of the Architecture Trade-off Analysis Method (ATAM)”, Technical Report CMU/SEI-2000-TR-012. The Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University.

[10] Vernadat, F. B. (2014). Enterprise Modeling in the context of Enterprise Engineering: State of the art and outlook. International Journal of Production Management and Engineering, 57.

[11] Fischer, C., Winter, R, & Aier, S. (2010). What Is an Enterprise Architecture Principle? Towards a Consolidated Definition, Computer and Information Science, SCI 317, pp. 193–205.

[12] Urbaczewski, L., & Mrdalj, S. (2006). A comparison of enterprise architecture frameworks. Issues in Information Systems, 7(2),

[13] Zachman, J. (2008). John Zachman’s Concise Definition of The Zachman Framework. Zachman International. 2008. Available at: http://www.zachman.com/about-the-zachman-framework, Accessed: April, 2013.

[14] Gregor, S. (2006). The nature of theory in information systems. MIS Quarterly, 611-642.

[15] Martin, R. A., Robertson, E. L., & Springer, J. A. (2004). Architectural Principles for Enterprise Frameworks. In CAiSE Workshops (1). pp. 151-

[16] Schekkerman, J. (2003). How to survive in the jungle of enterprise architecture frameworks: Creating or choosing an enterprise architecture framework. Trafford Publishing.

[17] Coleman, P., & Papp, R. (2006). Strategic Alignment: Analysis of Perspectives. Proceedings of the 2006 Southern Association for Information Systems Conference.

[18] Walls, J. G., Widermeyer, G. R., & El Sawy, O. A. (2004). Assessing information system design theory in perspective: how useful was our 1992 initial rendition?. Journal of Information Technology Theory and Application (JITTA).

[19] Danesh, M. H., & Yu, E. (2014). Modeling Enterprise Capabilities with i*: Reasoning on Alternatives. In Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops (pp. 112-123). Springer International Publishing.

[20] Siponen, M. (2006). Six design theories for IS security policies and guidelines. Journal of the Association for Information systems, 7(1), 19.

[21] Frank, L., & Krogstie, J. (2008). Active Knowledge Modelling of Enterprises. Springer,

[22] Greefhorst, D., Greefhorst, E., & Proper E. (2011). Architecture Principles: The Cornerstones of Enterprise Architecture, Springer.

[23] Bahill, A. T., Botta, R., & Daniels, J. (2006). The Zachman framework populated with baseball models. Journal of EA, 2(4), 50-68.

[24] Tamm, Toomas, et al. "How does enterprise architecture add value to organisations?." Communications of the association for information systems 28.1 (2011):

[25] Iyer, B., & Gottlieb, R. (2004). The Four-Domain Architecture: An approach to support enterprise architecture design. IBM Systems Journal, 43(3), 587-97.

[26] Weiss, S., Aier, S., & Winter, R.(2012). Towards a Reconstruction of Theoretical Foundations of Enterprise Architecture Management, De Marco, M., Te'eni, D., Albano, V., Za, S. (Eds.): Information Systems: Crossroads for Organization, Management, Accounting and Engineering, Rome, Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 461-468.

[27] Lankhorst, M. M. (2013). Enterprise Architecture at Work: Modelling, Communication and Analysis, Springer.

[28] Schekkerman, J. (2004). Enterprise Architecture Validation - Achieving Business-Aligned and Validated Enterprise Architectures. Institute for Enterprise Architecture Developments. Available at: http://www.enterprise-architecture.info/. Accesses: January 2020.

[29] Sessions, R. (2007). A Comparison of the Top Four Enterprise-Architecture Methodologies, Object Watch, Inc.