Land Use/Land Change Dynamics Of Katsina State, Nigeria.
Volume 3 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition
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Idris S, Mahmood M.M, James G.K, Olojo O.O, Isah A.A, Mustapha S.
Change dynamics, Desertification, Environment,Land use.
The land use and land cover mapping and change dynamics study using satellite remote sensing and GIS techniques has helped in understanding the different forms of changes in our environment and the effect of the changes on the land cover/land use pattern. The aim of this study is to access the quantitative understanding of the land use/land change dynamics in Katsina state from 2006 to 2016. Two satellite images; Nigeria Sat-1 acquired in 2006 and LandSat-8 acquired in 2016 were used for the study. Point samples were taken during fieldwork in Katsina state to help in classification and accuracy assessment. The satellite images were classified into six classes: water body, shrubs/farmland, vegetation, settlement, rock outcrop and bare surface. Land change modeler in Idrisi Selva was used for the change detection analysis to compare the change in Land classes during the period of review for the study. The change matrix result shows loss and gains by different land cover classes and relationship between different classes. As observed during field investigation and analysis, the frontline local government areas, such as Baure, Zango, Maiâ€™adua, Mashi, Kaita, Jibia, Daura and Safana have suffered from deforestation and land degradation, which has resulted in desert encroachment. Climatic and social economic factors are the main drivers of the observed changes. Proper monitoring of the land use will help monitor land degradation which leads to desertification and help in proper planning, usage and management of natural resources that support human life and ecosystem stability.
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