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Does Gross Domestic Products Granger Cause Environmental Pollution In Nigeria Or Vice Versa?

Volume 2 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition
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Bassey Enya Ndem, Egesi, Onyemaechi Kevin
Environment, carbon dioxide emission, pollution, economic growth, granger causality and Niger Delta
This study examined the causal relationship between environmental pollution and economic growth in Nigeria. It therefore employed the Granger causality test to investigate the interrelationship between carbondioxide (Co2) emission (environmental pollution) and economic growth in Nigeria and vice versa. It was surprising to found that environmental pollution promotes economic growth in Nigeria, but economic growth does not promote environmental pollution in Nigeria. This is because, Nigeria depend mostly on pollution prone activities for her income owing from the massive pollution of the Niger Delta area which is the major income source for Nigeria, to the burning of fuel (CO2 emission) for other economic activities by firms and individual. The study then recommend that: government should initiate better policy measure that will reduce the level of pollution even while striving to achieve certain level of economic growth to protect the environment from degradation.
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