International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (2456-9992)

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

Education As Business: Its Realistic, Pragmatic And Progressivist Angles

Volume 3 - Issue 8, August 2019 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Sabrina A. Ramos
education, commercialization, pragmatism, realism, progressivism, stakeholders
This paper tried to examine as to whether or not commercialization of education is more of an upside or of a downside to the involved stakeholders (owner, parents, students, teachers). The proponent fairly looked into the data to come up with a balanced synthesis about the issue. Data were gathered using purposeful sampling for study as design strategy, emphatic neutrality and mindfulness as data collection strategy, and inductive analysis and creative synthesis as analysis strategy. This study assumed that commercialization of education is beneficial to all stakeholders based on the platform of realism, pragmatism and progressivism. The result showed that the stakeholders see commercialized education as both advantageous and disadvantageous taking into consideration the three platforms.
[1]. G.Gregorutti, “The Future of Higher Education: Rhetoric, Reality, and the Risks of the Market,” researchgate.net, para. 6, July, 2007. [Online]. Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319033170_The_Future_of_Higher_Education_Rhetoric_Reality_and_the_Risks_of_the_Market. [Accessed: June 30, 2019].

[2]. E. Wartella, “The Commercialization of Youth: Channel One in Context,” Phi Delta Kappan, 77(5), pp. 448-451, 1995.

[3]. T. Chorney, The Commercialization of Higher Education as a Threat to the Values of Ethical Citizenship, Mellen Press, Saint Mary’s University.

[4]. K. Tomaševski, “The State of the Right to Education Worldwide, Free or Fee:2006 Global Report,” http://www.katarinatomasevski.com/images/Global_Report.pdf, 2006.

[5]. M. M. McCarthy, “Private Investment in Public Education: Boon or Boondoggle,” Journal of School Leadership, 5(1), pp. 4-21, 1995.

[6]. J. Knight, “GATS, Trade and Higher Education: Perspective 2003-Where are we?”, in The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, U.K., London.

[7]. L. Tao, M. Berci, W. He, “The commercialization of education,” The New York Times, https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/ref/college/coll-china-education-005.html, N.D.

[8]. A. M. Umil, “Homeless in UP | Commercialization Brings Housing Woes to State University, Bulatlat, http://bulatlat.com/main/2015/08/09/homeless-in-up-privatization-brings-housing-woes-to-state-university/, 2015.

[9]. University of the Philippines, “Current tuition fees/info on STS,” UP, https://www.upm.edu.ph/node/55, 2014-1016.

[10]. S. Borgohain,“Commercialization of education system: A critical analysis,”International Research Journal of Interdisciplinary & Multidisciplinary Studies (IRJIMS), http://oaji.net/articles/2016/1707-1457180816.pdf, 2016.

[11]. P.K. Phukan, “Over-Commercialization of Education in India,” https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/over-commercialization-education-india-c-eng-fipe-mie-miie, 2015.

[12]. The Shining Gem, “Is Commercialization of Education a Bad Idea,” https://theshininggem.wordpress.com/2018/02/19/is-commercialization-of-education-a-bad-idea/, 2018.

[13]. L.M. Cohen,“Section III – Philosophical perspectives in education Part 2.,” OSU – School of Education,http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/ed416/PP2.html, 1999.

[14]. R. Desmet, “Alfred North Whitehead,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/whitehead/, 1996.

[15]. United Nations, “Progress of goal 4 in 2018,” Sustainable Development Goals Knowledge Platform, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg4, 2018.

[16]. H.S. Thayer, S.B. Rosenthal, “Pragmatism,” Encyclopaedia Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/topic/pragmatism-philosophy, 2019.

[17]. S. Stone, “The goal of education in the 21st century,”Teacherswithapps, https://www.teacherswithapps.com/the-goal-of-education-in-the-21st-century/, 2014.

[18]. W. A. Schambra, T. West, “The Progressive Movement and the Transformation of American Politics,” The Heritage Foundation, https://www.heritage.org/political-process/report/the-progressive-movement-and-the-transformation-american-politics, 2007.