International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (2456-9992)

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

Risk Communication In The Healthcare Sector: A Case Study Of Risk Communication Among The Doctors, Nurses, And Patients In Kenema Government Hospital In Sierra Leone

Volume 2 - Issue 9, September 2018 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

Kennei Gbessay Momoh, Raymond Morie Musa, Dr. Saidu Challay
Risk Communication, Healthcare, Doctors, Nurses, Patients, Hospital,
This study investigated the various forms of risk communication among doctors, nurses and patients in the healthcare delivery at the Kenema Government Hospital (KGH). The main objectives of this research were to identify the forms of risk communication among doctors, nurses and patients; assess the level of awareness of, and involvement in the various forms of risk communication; identify the channels of risk communication and the impact of risk communication on the healthcare delivery in the study area. In order to collect relevant data and information from the various sources, a number of data collection and analysis tools and techniques were employed. These included the use of survey tools such as questionnaires and focus group discussions that targeted target groups of respondents that included medical doctors, nurses, healthcare givers and patients. Data were analysed and presented using tables and graphs. Research findings indicated that the healthcare services at the Kenema Government Hospital were characterised by deceptive diagnosis of test results, inattentive application of intravenous injections, misreading of prescriptions, rampant self-treatments by patients without prior knowledge of healthcare providers. Shortage of human resource, poverty and the fact that Sierra Leoneans were considered non-nationalistic were found to be major causes of risk communication in healthcare delivery. Also, errors were seen as the main reasons for deformation and untimely deaths at the Kenema Government Hospital. To improve on the current forms of risk communication at the Kenema Government Hospital, Government of Sierra Leone should endeavour to minimize absolute poverty, and close the gap of income inequalities among Sierra Leoneans. Additionally, the Government of Sierra Leone (GoSL) should expand educational opportunities in terms of human resource development, recruit staff with the right knowledge, skills, and aptitudes. On their part, Sierra Leoneans should inculcate the spirit of nationalism and love towards their fellow Sierra Leonean especially when they are sick and in need of help.
[1] At a glance Sierra Leone UNICEF, Retrieved, 2011.

[2] A. Bryman, and E. Bell, Business Research Method. Second Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2007

[3] Government of Sierra Leone, Convention on the Right of the Child,1989.

[4] Food and Agricultural Organisation/World Health Organisation, ‘A Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Application of Risk Communication to Food Standards and Safety Matters,’ Rome, Italy: FAO/WHO, 1998.

[5] R. Marschan-Piekkari, and C. Welch, (Eds) Handbook of Qualitative Research Methods For International Business. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. 2004.

[6] L. S. Max and P. Tim, A Premier on Health Risk Communication: Principles and Practices. Development of Health and Human Services, Public Service Agency for Toxic Substances and Diseases Registry, USA. 1994.

[7] S. B. Merriam, Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation. San Francisco: John Willey & Sons, Inc. 2009.

[8] National Research Council Improving Risk Communication, Committee on Risk Perception and Communication, Washington D.C National Academy Press, 1989.

[9] Government of Sierra Leone, Primary Health Care Hand Book Policing, 2007.

[10] UNAIDS, Report on The Global AIDS Epidemic, 2006.

[11] S. Venette, ‘Risk and Crisis Communication’. In Journal of Applied Communication Research pp. 229– 231, 2006.

[12] A. K. Watters, Care of the Critically Ill Patient in the Tropics, 2004.

[13] Vienna Declaration and Plan of Action of 1993

[14] Government of Sierra Leone, Ministry of Health and Sanitation, Status Report of the Government Hospital Kenema, 2011.

[15] S. N. Roche, Providing Health Services to Less Privileged Patients. A Training Manual for Nurses and Health Care Givers, 1999.