International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (2456-9992)

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Correlation Of Blood Pressure With Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference And Waist To Hip Ratio

Volume 3 - Issue 9, September 2019 Edition
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W. N. I. Kularathne, E.M.I.A Bandara, S. Humsavathani, K.A.I. Jayamali, N. Jeevanantham, G. Jigashalja, K.M.S.A Konara, B.M.H.S.K. Banneheka
Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, Waist to Hip Ratio, Systolic Blood Pressure, Diastolic Blood Pressure
Obesity, one of the most commonly prevailing conditions is recognized as an important risk factor for the development of hypertension. The purpose of the study was to identify the association between body mass index, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio and blood pressure among students in the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. Although there had been studies that have assessed these parameters and its risk factors for older adults and the elderly, there is a paucity of such data among Sri Lankan young adults. Thorough knowledge of these parameters and predisposing risk factors is vital in the modification of lifestyle and to enhance the quality of life. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out among 646 students of the University of Peradeniya in 2017. Anthropometric measures, blood pressure measures were collected and family history status was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Standard equipment and procedures used to measure Body weight, height, waist and hip circumference and blood pressure of the subjects. Prevalence of obesity was 5% and 2.6% among male and female subjects respectively. The prevalence of hypertension among male participants was 3.15% and 1.41% among female participants. BMI had significant positive correlation with systolic blood pressure (SBP) (r=0.383) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (r=0.336) for all subjects (p<0.01). Waist to hip ratio had positive correlation with SBP(r=0.273) and DBP (0.175) for males (p<0.01) and positive correlation with SBP(r=0.109) and DBP (0.118) for females (p<0.05).Family history of obesity and hypertension were associated with BMI and Blood pressure values respectively.
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