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Knowledge And Practice On Childhood Diarrhea Among Mothers Having Children Under Five Years Of Age In Madhuban, Sunsari, Nepal

Volume 3 - Issue 12, December 2019 Edition
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Author(s)
Sanjeeb Shah, Mausam Shrestha, Babita Sharma, Nishedh Pandey, Srijat Dahal
Keywords
Knowledge, Practice, Mothers, Children under Five Years, Neapl.
Abstract
Rotavirus is a leading cause of acute diarrhea and causes about 40% of hospitalization for diarrhea in children under five years of age. Hence the study aims to assess the mothers’ knowledge and practice regarding childhood diarrhea in Madhuban, Sunasari, Nepal. The descriptive cross-sectional study design was used for the study. A total of 117 respondents were selected using simple random sampling method’s random number table. Data were collected using face to face interview method through a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS 11.5. The finding revealed that 93.2% of the respondents were literate. All of the respondents had knowledge of giving ORS when their child suffered from diarrhea. The entire respondent used to wash hands before preparation of ORS and after assisting the bowl movement washing of their children. Majority of them (92.5%) said that they gave more amount of fluid while their child was suffering from diarrhea. About 68.4% of respondents had ORS at their home. Education had a higher impact on the mother about the diarrhea management of their children. The study showed that the use of ORS is in increasing trend, overcoming the use of salt-sugar solution. But on the other hand low percentage of mothers had knowledge that vitamin A prevents children from diarrhea. Therefore, at the community level, mother and child who are in vulnerable condition should be identified and proper education and advice should be given on the importance of Vitamin A, ORS and zinc tablets for the management of diarrhea.
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