SJIF(2020): 5.702

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

High Quality Publications & World Wide Indexing!

Lifestyle Factors Associated With Body Mass Index, Waist To Hip Ratio And Blood Pressure Among Undergraduates

Volume 3 - Issue 12, December 2019 Edition
[Download Full Paper]

E.M.I.A Bandara, W. N. I. Kularathne, S. Humsavathani, K.A.I. Jayamali, N. Jeevanantham, G. Jigashalja, K.M.S.A Konara, B.M.H.S.K. Banneheka
Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, Waist to Hip Ratio, Systolic Blood Pressure, Diastolic Blood Pressure
Obesity and hypertension are major risk factors of morbidity and mortality in modern world. Numerous studies have been performed to assess the lifestyle factors associated with obesity and hypertension among western population. There is a lack of studies conducted on this area among south Asian population. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted to examine the lifestyle factors associated with Body Mass Index(BMI), Waist Hip Ratio(WHR) and Blood Pressure(BP) among undergraduates of university of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka in 2017. Lifestyle factors such as nutrition, smoking, alcoholism, physical activity and sleep were assessed using a validated self-administered questionnaire. Body weight, height, waist circumference, Hip circumference and systolic and diastolic blood pressure were measured and the statistical associations were assessed. Nutritional factors, smoking, physical activity sleep and stress were significantly associated with anthropometric measures and/or blood pressure values. These associations were gender dependent.
[1] Who.int. (2019). Obesity and overweight. [online] Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight [Accessed 8 Oct. 2019].

[2] Muller, O. (2005). Malnutrition and health in developing countries. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 173(3), pp.279-286.

[3] Katulanda, P., Jayawardena, M., Sheriff, M., Constantine, G. and Matthews, D. (2010). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Sri Lankan adults. Obesity Reviews, 11(11), pp.751-756.

[4] Wofford, M. and Hall, J. (2004). Pathophysiology and Treatment of Obesity Hypertension. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 10(29), pp.3621-3637.

[5] Tayem, Y., Yaseen, N., Khader, W., Abu Rajab, L., Ramahi, A. and Saleh, M. (2012). Prevalence and risk factors of obesity and hypertension among students at a central university in the West Bank. Libyan Journal of Medicine, 7(1), p.19222.

[6] Alberti, K., Eckel, R., Grundy, S., Zimmet, P., Cleeman, J., Donato, K., Fruchart, J., James, W., Loria, C. and Smith, S. (2010). Harmonizing the metabolic syndrome: a joint interim statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Forceon Epidemiology and Prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World HeartFederation; International Atherosclerosis Society; and International Association for the Study of Obesity. Obesity and metabolism, 7(1), pp.63-65.

[7] Singh, A., Maheshwari, A., Sharma, N. and Anand, K. (2006). Lifestyle associated risk factors in adolescents. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 73(10), pp.901-906.

[8] Tennakoon, S., Kumar, B., Nugegoda, D. and Meyer, H. (2010). Comparison of cardiovascular risk factors between sri lankans living in kandy and oslo. BMC Public Health, 10(1).

[9] Kularathne, I., Bandara, A., Humsavathani, S., Jayamali, I., Jeevanantham, N., Jigashalja, G., Konara, A., Banneheka, K. (2019). Correlation of blood pressure with body mass index, waist circumference and waist to hip ratio. International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications, 9(3).

[10] Khoo, J., Eng, S. and Foo, C. (2011). Recommendations for Obesity Management from Singapore. Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies, 26(2), pp.110-116

[11] Bray, G., Bouchard, C., James, W. (1998) Definitions and proposed current classification of Obesity, Handbook of obesity, pp. 31-40

[12] Smith, L. (2016). New AHA Recommendations for Blood Pressure Measurement. [online] Aafp.org. Available at: https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1391.html [Accessed 5 Aug. 2016]

[13] S Sundar, J. (2013). Prevalence and Determinants of Hypertension among Urban School Children in the Age Group of 13- 17 Years in, Chennai, Tamilnadu. Epidemiology: Open Access, 03(03).

[14] Abd El-Mohsen, Afaf, S., Mona, M., Abd El Maksoud&Tagered, T. (2013). Prevalence of Hypertension among Youth in Helwan University Life Science Journal.10(3).

[15] Friedman, G., Klatsky, A. and Siegelaub, A. (1982). Alcohol, tobacco, and hypertension. Hypertension, 4(5_pt_2).

[16] Payab, M., Kelishadi, R., Qorbani, M., Motlagh, M., Ranjbar, S., Ardalan, G., Zahedi, H., Chinian, M., Asayesh, H., Larijani, B. and Heshmat, R. (2015). Association of junk food consumption with high blood pressure and obesity in Iranian children and adolescents: the CASPIAN-IV Study. Jornal de Pediatria, 91(2), pp.196-205.

[17] Zheng, M., Rangan, A., Olsen, N., Bo Andersen, L., Wedderkopp, N., Kristensen, P., Grøntved, A., Ried-Larsen, M., Lempert, S., Allman-Farinelli, M. and Heitmann, B. (2013). Sugar-sweetened beverages consumption in relation to changes in body fatness over 6 and 12 years among 9-year-old children: the European Youth Heart Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 68(1), pp.77-83.

[18] Moker, E., Bateman, L., Kraus, W. and Pescatello, L. (2014). The Relationship between the Blood Pressure Responses to Exercise following Training and Detraining Periods. PLoS ONE, 9(9), p.e105755.

[19] Polikandrioti, M., Kotronoulas, G., Liveri, D., Giovaso, S., Varelis, G. & Kyritsi, E. (2009). Body Mass Index, Central Obesity, and Dietary Patterns in a Group of Young Adult Men. HSJ - Health Science Journal. 3 (1). p. 54–63.

[20] Yusuf, S., Hawken, S., Ounpuu, S., Bautista, L., Franzosi, M.G. & Commerford, P. (2004). INTERHEART Study Investigators Obesity and the risk of myocardial infarction in 27,000 participants from 52 countries: a case-control study. Lancet. p. 1640-1649.

[21] Bouayed, J., Rammal, H. & Soulimani, R. (2009). Oxidative stress and anxiety: relationship and cellular pathways. Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity. [Online]. 2 (2). p. 63–7. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20357926%0Ahttp://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=PMC2763246.

[22] Kander, M. C., Cui, Y., & Liu, Z. (2017). Gender difference in oxidative stress: a new look at the mechanisms for cardiovascular diseases. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, 21(5), 1024–1032. http://doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.13038.

[23] Ojike, N., Sowers, J. R., Seixas, A., Ravenell, J., Rodriguez-Figueroa, G., Awadallah, M., McFarlane, S. I. (2016) Psychological Distress and Hypertension: Results from the National Health Interview Survey for 2004–2013. Cardiorenal Medicine, 6(3), 198–208. http://doi.org/10.1159/000443933.