Study of Causes of Traffic Collisions and Development of Traffic Anti-collision system in Rwanda
Volume 4 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition
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Kayibanda Venant, Sindikubwabo Emmanuel, Ntihemuka Paulin, Hakizimana Eustache
Reckless Behaviors, Road Traffic Accidents, Traffic Injuries, Traffic Anti-Collision System
Road traffic accidents is the leading cause of death by injury and the tenth-leading cause of all deaths globally now make up a surprisingly significant portion of the worldwide burden of ill-health. An estimated 1.2 million people are killed in road crashes each year, and as many as 50 million are injured, occupying 30 percent to 70 percent of orthopedic beds in developing countries hospitals. And if the current trends continue, road traffic injuries are predicted to be the third-leading contributor to the global burden of disease and injury by 2050. The Road traffic crash (RTC) report data from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013in Rwanda, showed that a total of 2589 of RTCs were occurred with 4689 total victims. The majority of victims were male (94.7 %) with an average age of 35.9 years. Cars were the most frequent vehicle involved (43.8 %), followed by motorcycles (14.5 %). Motorcycles had an increased risk of involvement in grievous crashes and pedestrians and cyclists were more likely to have grievous injuries. The hotspots identified were primarily located along the major roads crossing Kigali and the two busiest downtown areas (The epidemiology of road traffic injury hotspots in Kigali, Rwanda from police data. Patel et al. BMC Public Health (2016) 16:697). In 2015, 245 accidents involving public transport vehicles were occurred and killed 91 people while 408 others sustained injuries, a Police report states ,Police said that most of these accidents were caused by reckless driving, wrong maneuvers, violation of right of way, speeding, use of cell phones while driving and wrong overtaking, among others. In overall, Rwanda National Police data showed that 128 persons were killed by motorcycles accidents, 81 killed by public transport vehicles, 81 killed by voitures and pickups and 61 were killed by truck and Lorries and the total deaths were 351 persons in 2015. Studies and engineered technologies to address roads accidents are at early stage or lacking in developing countries. This work contributes to highlighting this prevailing burden and the need of comprehensive solutions that could weigh down traffic accidents which are creating enormous economic hardship due to the loss of family breadwinners and properties damage
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