Creation Of Awareness Through Environmental Adult Education As A Solution To The Problem Of Habitat Loss In Ogoni, Rivers State, Nigeria.
Volume 3 - Issue 1, January 2019 Edition
[Download Full Paper]
Batombari Gbidum Gimah; Dr. Tombari Bodo
Awareness, environmental adult education, habitat loss, human activities, oil spills, environmental degradation.
The study investigated the relevance of Environmental Adult Education in the prevention of habitat loss in selected Local Government Areas in Ogoni of Rivers State. The fact of deforestation, agricultural practice, industrialization and oil spill leading to habitat loss in Rivers State has raise questions of great concern to stakeholders, particularly communities who have suffered species extinction. The purpose of this study is to find out the human activities that lead to habitat loss, examine the adverse effects of habitat loss on the environment and man; and determine ways through which environmental adult education can minimize the occurrence of habitat loss. Hence, three objectives and one null hypothesis were used for this study. Survey research design was adopted, questionnaires were used for data collection. Responses to the questionnaire were analyzed using mean and grand mean for all the research questions and Z-test for the hypothesis. The result of this study revealed that the Ogoni people are instrumental to the destruction of their God-given environment and the people that are involved in the act of deforestation, bush burning, oil spills, carrying out bunkering business, and practicing artisanal refining of crude oil which degrades the environment are mostly adults. It was recommended that there should massive environmental adult education to curb habitat loss and further environmental degradation.
. Anthony, G. B. (2002). Sustainable Development Through Environmental Adult Education: Calabar. Glad Tiding Press Ltd
. Anijah-Obi, F. N. (2002). Fundamental of Environmental Education and Management: Calabar University of Calabar Press Ltd.
. Badejo, C. (2004) Endangered Species. Retrieved June 8, 2017. http://endong/fivs.gov.us/fish/wildlife/serve.
. Baird, J. (2010 July 26). Oil Shame in Africa. New Week 27. Retrieved March 8, 2017. Htp//en wikipedian//wiki/environment News –Week
. Barbault R and Sastrapradia, S. D. (2003).Generation Maintenance and Loss of Biodiversity. Global Biodiversity Assessment. Cambridge University Press. Combridge.
. Bodo, T (2018). Community understanding of the environmental and socio-economic consequences of petroleum exploitation in Ogoni, Rivers State. International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications. 2(11): 51-55
. Bodo, T. and David, L.K (2018). The petroleum exploitation and pollution in Ogoni, Rivers State, Nigeria: the community perspective. European Scientific Journal. 14(33): 33-40.
. Gorman, J. (2010). The Total Penguin. New York Prentice Hall Press.
. Legborsi, P. (2005). The Impact of Oil Spills on Biological Diversity. The Ogoni Experience FF03/2005/ws/02/ih. Retrieved March 7, 2011 htt://www.unep.org/pdf/fdf/misgess r-1 polf.
. Legborsi, P. (2007). August 27-29). The advert impacts of oil pollution on the Environment and Well Being of a Local Indigenous Community Experience of the Ogoni People of Nigeria. Retrieved March 2, 2017. http//www.urup.org/pdf/fmallmks Loss x – 8 Polf.
. Lockley, R. (2010). Penguins Seabirds of the World. New York.
. National Wildlife Federation (2008). Back Yard and Habitat Programmes Retrieved June 29, 2017. http//www.nwf.org/habitats
. Nworgu, B. G. (1991). Educational Research Basic Issues and Methodology: Ibadan Wisdom Publishers Limited.
. Petters, W. (2000). Nigerian Environmental Education and Management: Calabar. Centre press Ltd.
. Raven, P. (2000). Environment (3rd Ed): U.S.A Library of Compress in Cataloging in Publication Data.
. Saro-Wiwa, K. (1995) Complete statement by Ken Saro-Wiwa to Ogoni Civil Tribunal, Available (online) http://www.ratical.org/corporations/KSWstmt.html.
. UNEP (2011). Environmental Assessment of Ogoniland. Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Environment Programme.
. Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia (2009). Effects of Deforestation on Wild Life Retrieved June 8, 2011.http://en.forest.wikipedia/wiki/environment.of/Wildlife.
. Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia (2010). Environmental Issues Niger Delta of Nigeria Retrieved March 1, 2011. http://ebwikipedia.org/mkd//environmental/Issue/niger/delta.
. Wikipedia (2012). Rivers State Geo-Political Zones: Retrieved April 2, 2012.www.nd/wiki/rivers/state/gov.com