IJARP SJIF(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

Activity Pattern, Flocking Behavior And Habitat Preference Of Yellow Fronted Parrot (Poicephalus Flavifrons) In Zegie Forest, Southern Shore Of Lake Tana, Ethiopia

Volume 3 - Issue 1, January 2019 Edition
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Author(s)
Tariku Hailu, Shimelis Aynalem, Dereje Yazezew
Keywords
Activity pattern, flocking behavior, habitat preference, yellow fronted parrot and Zegie Peninsula.
Abstract
The ecology, behavior and breeding biology of most of the endemic bird species of Ethiopia have not been fully documented. Yellow Fronted Parrot is one of endemic birds of Ethiopia which is poorly known thus information an observer discovers about it will be new to science. The study was carried out from August 2017 to March 2018 in Zegie peninsula forest to identify Activity Pattern, Flocking Behavior and Habitat Preference of Yellow Fronted Parrot (Poicephalus flavifrons). A systematic random sampling technique, with the variable circular plot method was used. The study plots were selected according to the area in which Yellow-Fronted parrots were observed during the preliminary survey and on the basis of vegetation type. Visits were made two months (August and September) in wet season and two months (January and February) in dry season with ten days in each month and on each visit the area was surveyed from dawn to dusk (6:oo am to 6:00 pm) 50 minutes on each plot. Yellow Fronted parrots were selected randomly during the surveys of the study area and their behavior was observed by using binocular. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), mean, descriptive statistics and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to analyze the collected data. The time spent by the species on feeding, courtship and resting behaviors was significantly different. However, the time spent by the species on scanning, preening and moving behaviors was not significantly different in the study area regarding to season. Except resting daily time budget of the activity pattern of Yellow Fronted Parrots has no significant difference according to hours of day. In the wet season flocks that were composed of 1 to 6 individual parrots were observed. In the dry season flocks that were composed of 1 to 9 individual parrots were observed. Tree species particularly Juniperus procera, Ficus vasta, Cordia Africana, Celitis africana, Podocarpus falcatus, Prunus africana, Albizia gummifera and Croton macrostachyus were selected by Yellow-Fronted Parrot. In general activity pattern, flocking behavior and habitat preference of Yellow Fronted Parrots showed diference regarding to season and hours of the day. In the study area plantation of indigenous trees like J. procera, F. vasta, C. Africana, C. africana, P. falcatus, P. africana, A. gummifera and C. macrostachyus which are important for Yellow Fronted Parrots has to be strengthened.
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