IJARP Impact Factor(2018): 4.908

International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications!

ONLINE PAPER PUBLISHING - Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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USING OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK FOR MODELING OF OILY WASTEWATER IN REVERSE OSMOSIS PROCESS

Authors: MANSOOR KAZEMIMOGHADAM

Abstracts: Primary reason for flux decline during the initial period of a membrane separation process is concentration polarization of solute at the membrane surface. This can occur in conjunction with irreversible fouling of the membrane as well as reversible gel/cake layer formation. Oily water emulsions are one of the main pollutants emitted into water by industries and domestic sewage. Also, oily water in inland waterways and coastal zone is one of the most serious issues of water pollution which needs to be resolved urgently. The results of an experimental study on separation of oil from oily waters are presented. A Film Tec FT30 membrane as a reverse osmosis membrane and a synthetic emulsion using an Iranian crude oil has been employed. The flux-time curves have been analyzed using a modified form of Hermia’s model to investigate the mechanism of flux decline. The results show that the experimental data is inconsistent with the Intermediate Blocking Filtration Model. Also, the limiting flux at all conditions has been determined.In this research, the results were evaluated using neural network modeling.

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Pages: 1-5

Cite this Article: Mansoor Kazemimoghadam , "USING OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK FOR MODELING OF OILY WASTEWATER IN REVERSE OSMOSIS PROCESS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 1-5 #ijarp


STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON EFFECTS OF THE NUMBER OF BULBS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF (HEAT EXCHANGERS) ALLIHN AND GRAHAM OUTER JACKET GLASS CONDENSERS

Authors: JEKADA, J.Z; GONAH, C.M.; GARKIDA, A. D; LADAN, Z; GALADIMA, J.D; ENYERIBE, C

Abstracts: Forty assorted Allihn and Graham condensing models were studied to investigate their performance on extraction of natural dye, solvent recovery and simple distillation of borehole water. AutoCAD was used to design the models with introduction of bulbs at the outer jacket ranging from one to ten bulbs and fabricated using borosilicate glass tubes. Hypothesis was formulated as Ho (null hypothesis) and HA(alternate hypothesis) to test the results obtained from the characterization of modified Allihn and Graham condensing models which was subjected under statistical analysis using t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) to ascertain the efficacy of condensing models. All the statistical analysis revealed that the alternate hypothesis results finding is accepted by ANOVA only on extraction. However, the null hypothesis is retained by either of analysis of variance or t-test on solvent recovery and simple distillation.

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Pages: 6-9

Cite this Article: Jekada, J.Z; Gonah, C.M.; Garkida, A. D; Ladan, Z; Galadima, J.D; Enyeribe, C , "STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON EFFECTS OF THE NUMBER OF BULBS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF (HEAT EXCHANGERS) ALLIHN AND GRAHAM OUTER JACKET GLASS CONDENSERS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 6-9 #ijarp


COULD THERE BE AN ASSOCIATION OF BLOOD GROUP O AND NUTRITION LEVEL WITH THE SEMINAL PARAMETERS OF INDIVIDUALS WHO SUFFER FROM FERTILITY ISSUES?

Authors: DON ANURUDDHA LANKA MUNASINGHE, BANDUMATHEE WEERASOORIYA, JANITHA LIYANAGE, HEMA WAKKUMBURA

Abstracts: A cross sectional study (n = 105) was carried out on written consent in a fertility clinic of Sri Lanka during the period of August 2014 to August 2017 to find out whether there was a relationship of nutrition level (measured anthropometrically) and blood group O with seminal parameters such as seminal volume, count, mortality and morphology. Thus, the study was aimed to find out the biological effect on male infertility due to the fact that the male infertility has become increasing in the modern society irrespective of the economic status. The selected individuals were evaluated separately for seminal analysis (WHO method), anthropometric analysis (mid arm circumference) and blood group analysis (WHO method). It was found that neither nutrition level nor blood group O had a significant effect on seminal parameters so as the male infertility. Thus, the myth which is prevailing in the society that the blood group O bearers are more prone to be infertile is collapsing under the outcome of the study. The nutritional level of someone which was found via the mid arm circumference also has no significant effect on the seminal parameters of men with fertility issues. This could be due to the reason of satisfaction of the nutrition level of the selected study group as the infertile men are advised to maintain a good healthy diet. Anyway, this could be a better trend.

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Pages: 10-15

Cite this Article: Don Anuruddha Lanka Munasinghe, Bandumathee Weerasooriya, Janitha Liyanage, Hema Wakkumbura , "COULD THERE BE AN ASSOCIATION OF BLOOD GROUP O AND NUTRITION LEVEL WITH THE SEMINAL PARAMETERS OF INDIVIDUALS WHO SUFFER FROM FERTILITY ISSUES?", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 10-15 #ijarp


SURGERY, MANAGEMENT AND ANALYSIS OF RISK FACTORS FOR VARICOSE VEINS IN SETIF UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL-ALGERIA

Authors: EL-HACHMI SEDDIK, KHENCHOUCHE ABDELHALIM, BEHAR ABDELAZIZ

Abstracts: Aims: the appearance of varicose veins is due to several factors. Some are known. Others are misunderstood to nowadays. If studies in this area are limited, this is because it is a disease that is not of much interest in medicine. In recent years and with the availability of treatments and the surgical procedure, an epidemiological study is necessary. In this study, we try to analyze the factors involved in order to prevent or at least limit its damage. Methods: Follow a group of patients with varicose veins at different stages of the disease. Establish an epidemiological investigation. Identify the different risk factors that characterize these patients, such as hereditary factors, age, sex, occupation, number of pregnancies in women, obesity, race, geographical area, socio-economic level... Conclusion: Establishing a balance of the most relevant factors, in order to be limited to the treatment before the surgical act. Patients, who have undergone surgery, plan a recovery at a lower cost.

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Pages: 16-18

Cite this Article: El-Hachmi Seddik, Khenchouche Abdelhalim, Behar Abdelaziz , "SURGERY, MANAGEMENT AND ANALYSIS OF RISK FACTORS FOR VARICOSE VEINS IN SETIF UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL-ALGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 16-18 #ijarp


INCORPORATED EDIBLE INSECT-BASED FOODS: THE HOW AND WHY?

Authors: VICTOR. N ENWEMIWE

Abstracts: Edible insects are appealing assemblage of organisms with varied nutritional aspects ranging from high quality protein, natural fat, vitamins, fibre contents and diverse minerals. It is now a known fact that the world populace would crawl to insect-based foods after the “insect to feed the world” conference and world edible insect programmes as food shortages are alarming and climatic considerations are on the rise. With yearn for food everywhere, start-up and scaling up insect-based food production to complement the wants of man is significantly required. That edible insect incorporated food would be realised is the need for this review as how and why it should be actualized is the major question. Positive reports exhibit that persons in various localities of the world are accustomed to eating whole insects due to taste and confirmed delicacy while others due to food contamination. How? and why? are the major questions on the lips of many inquisitive persons and once this is redressed, the population of persons to be initiated would be highly significant at a P< 0.05 level. How the proposition would be redressed is through the inclusion criteria of potentially suitable edible insect species, stereotyped conditions of breeding, detailed intensive care of insect nutritional structure and profile, and risk assessments to combat threat in hygienic and toxicology aspects. Once the aforesaid factors are made readily available, edible insects edible insects would fully be implemented as food into the world legislation brochures. Breeding includes treatment as mini-livestock or in mechanized breeding facilities and not the stressful harvesting from the wild. That their benefits are very diverse and large quantity is guaranteed if properly treated answers the Why? Cultural, social, psychological and western bias are key note barriers already been fully redressed to realize the high prevalence in entomophagy and production of insect-based food products. Notwithstanding, a few insect-based products including fresh pasta from mealworm flour, jungle bars, protein bars, cricket flours, snack packs from various edible insects, insect candies and biscuits, amongst others are available in European markets but records of these insect-based food products in Africa and Nigeria are lacking. Although, feed production from larva and adult insects are available in South Africa. Since the activities of roasting, frying, cooking, toasting among other processing strategies and hawking whole processed insects within different regions in Africa and Nigeria are the order of the day, getting the African populace to have a bite from insect-based novelty foods would not be a difficult task. Entrepreneurs take note.

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Pages: 19-28

Cite this Article: Victor. N Enwemiwe , "INCORPORATED EDIBLE INSECT-BASED FOODS: THE HOW AND WHY?", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 19-28 #ijarp


THE EFFECTS OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ON DIVIDEND PAYOUT POLICIES IN MALAYSIAN BANKS

Authors: TARIQ ADEL SAAD AL-KAHMISI, HAFINAZ HASNIYANTI HASSAN

Abstracts: The aim of this study is to exam the effect of corporate governance on dividend payout policies in Malaysian banks. In particular, it aims to study the relationship between the board size, board independence, and CEO duality and to test the correlation that affects the dividend policy in the Malaysian banks. In this research, the sample of this research were six Malaysian banks from public listed companies in Malaysia for five years from 2011 to 2015. Data was collected from the company annual report and data stream. The data was analyzed using SPSS, the correlation and ANOVA analysis were used to investigate the relations of board size of a company, board independence, and the CEO duality with the company dividend. The research findings show that the CEO duality and board independence has negative relationship to the company dividend policy. The research is expected to contribute to the investor, policymaker, shareholder, further researchers and academicians, the understanding on the viable that indulge on the company dividend policy. Thus, the level of corporate governance can be improved.

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Pages: 29-37

Cite this Article: Tariq Adel Saad Al-Kahmisi, Hafinaz Hasniyanti Hassan , "THE EFFECTS OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ON DIVIDEND PAYOUT POLICIES IN MALAYSIAN BANKS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 29-37 #ijarp


EDIBLE INSECTS: REARING METHODS AND INCORPORATION INTO COMMERCIAL FOOD PRODUCTS-A CRITICAL REVIEW

Authors: VICTOR. N ENWEMIWE, KEHINDE. O.K POPOOLA

Abstracts: Insects are appealing assemblage of organisms classified under the phylum Arthropoda and considered the most diversified in nature. A sum of 2-3 million are estimated on earth constituting as much as 80% - more than 90% of all species in the animal kingdom. Varied nutritional aspects range from high quality protein, natural fat, vitamins, fibre contents and diverse minerals. That they are of great taste, confirmed delicacy and reduce to minimal the climatic change impacts from increasing world growing population and increased agro-ecosystem output are positive reports. Inclusion criteria of potentially suitable edible insect species is a function of defined benefits, stereotyped conditions of breeding, detailed intensive care of insect nutritional structure and profile, and risk assessments to combat threat in hygienic and toxicology aspects. These aforesaid factors would pull edible insects into been fully implemented as food into the world legislation brochures. Entomophagy: human insectivory is actualized from mass producing edible insects either as mini-livestock treatments or mechanized breeding facilities and not the stressful harvesting from the wild. Cultural, social, psychological and western bias are key note barriers to be fully redressed to realize the high prevalence in entomophagy and production of insect-based food products. Notwithstanding, a few insect-based products including fresh pasta from mealworm flour, jungle bars, protein bars, cricket flours, snack packs from various edible insects, insect candies and biscuits, amongst others are available in European markets but records of these insect-based food products in Africa and Nigeria are lacking, only feed production from larva and adult insects are available in South Africa. Instead, roasting, frying, cooking, toasting among other processing strategies and hawking whole processed insects within different regions in Africa and Nigeria are the order of the day. Since edible insects have varied advantage over livestock production and are promising as food prospects, it is imperative to promote insect-based food entrepreneur and enlighten the general public to have a bite.

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Pages: 38-46

Cite this Article: Victor. N Enwemiwe, Kehinde. O.K Popoola , "EDIBLE INSECTS: REARING METHODS AND INCORPORATION INTO COMMERCIAL FOOD PRODUCTS-A CRITICAL REVIEW", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 38-46 #ijarp


IMPORTANT FEATURES OF HATHA RATNAVALI: THE YOGIC TEXT OF SRINIVASA YOGI

Authors: SATYANARAYAN MISHRA, DR.SUBASH CHANDRA DASH

Abstracts: We come across many classical Hatha yogic texts like Hatha Pradipika,Gheranda Samhita and Siva Samhita etc.However Hatharatnavali of Srinivasa yogi is one of the vital hathayogic text because of its unique features and independent explainations.Like Hathapradipika it is not widely known to the yoga seekers and students.But still it is most popular one among the hatha yogic texts bexause of simple descxription and feature. Inclusion of astakarmas,eightyfour asanas,elaborate description on mudras and concept of panda-brahmana(microcosm and macrocosm etc)are the important features of the tect.The author has tried to describe in short the unique features of this classic hatha yogic text.

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Pages: 47-48

Cite this Article: Satyanarayan Mishra, Dr.Subash Chandra Dash , "IMPORTANT FEATURES OF HATHA RATNAVALI: THE YOGIC TEXT OF SRINIVASA YOGI", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 47-48 #ijarp


EIGENBASED MULTISPECTRAL PALMPRINT RECOGNITION

Authors: ABUBAKAR SADIQ MUHAMMAD, FAHAD ABDU JIBRIN, ABUBAKAR SANI MUHAMMAD

Abstracts: This paper presents a simple method for verification of palm images. Fusion of palmprint instances is performed image level. To capture the palm characteristics, the fused image were concatenated to form longer feature vector whose dimension is reduced by Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Finally, the reduced set of features is trained with distance metric classifiers (Manhattan, Euclidean and Cosine Distance) to accomplish recognition task. For evaluation, PolyU Multispectral Palmprint database is used. The experimental results reveal that three bands R, B, NIR contain most of the salient and discriminative features for building an accurate biometric system and in which a recognition rate of 99.99% can be achieved.

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Pages: 49-53

Cite this Article: Abubakar Sadiq Muhammad, Fahad Abdu Jibrin, Abubakar Sani Muhammad , "EIGENBASED MULTISPECTRAL PALMPRINT RECOGNITION", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 49-53 #ijarp


EMBEDDED SYSTEM BASED SEMI AUTOMATED BUG KILLER STRUCTURE

Authors: B.MAHESH, K.BHARATHIKANNAN, M.IDHAYACHANDRAN

Abstracts: An automated irrigation system was developed to optimize water use for agricultural crops.In this project we spray the pesticide and water automatically without the need of manpower. In practice farmers spray the pesticide manually which causes health hazards and nowadays there is a shortage of man power in the field of agriculture and water scarcity is also prevailing. In order to overcome these disadvantages this project is proposed. The aim of this project is to spray the water based on the dryness level of the soil. The pesticide is sprayed whenever needed with the help of the switching circuit. On this basis we use ATMEL microcontroller, LCD display, Max 232, soil sensor, opto coupler, DC motor.

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Pages: 54-57

Cite this Article: B.Mahesh, K.Bharathikannan, M.Idhayachandran , "EMBEDDED SYSTEM BASED SEMI AUTOMATED BUG KILLER STRUCTURE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 54-57 #ijarp


SMART HOME AUTOMATION BASED ON IOT USING EMBEDDED STRUCTURE

Authors: K.BHARATHIKANNAN, B.MAHESH, S.ARULOLI

Abstracts: In the advancement of technologies controlling and monitoring electrical appliances using laptop, computer with the help of internet connection is possible. So it gives a more space at a home, university and industrial controlling electrical appliances anywhere in the world. By using Internet of Things we can control many devices such as light, power plug, Fan, computer, security system and etc.It reduces human efforts and power efficiency. The main objective of internet of things is used to help specially challenged people and old age people to control electrical appliances and security purpose. IoT is very useful for these people in crucial situations. There are two ways to access these process WIFI connectivity (or) it is connected to a router. This process is done in low cost & controlling many devices in a simple circuit.

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Pages: 58-61

Cite this Article: K.Bharathikannan, B.Mahesh, S.Aruloli , "SMART HOME AUTOMATION BASED ON IOT USING EMBEDDED STRUCTURE", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 58-61 #ijarp


LOGISTIC REGRESSION MODEL FOR LIFE STYLE OF RETIRED CIVIL SERVANTS IN KANO STATE (NIGERIA)

Authors: MUSTAPHA USMAN BABA, PROF. DR. UTTAM KUMAR MAJUMDER, MANSUR IDI, IBRAHIM ISAH, KABIRU S. LABARAN

Abstracts: This study tries to find the causes of stresses and the lifestyle status of the retired civil servants after retirement in Kano State. And for this study the method of stratified sampling was used to select the samples for the study. And the sample of size 153 was selected and they were administered by a questionnaire, but finally only 141 were retrieved from the selected respondents. And it has been found that,the results of binary logistic regression analysis of significant studied factors for better lifestyle of retired civil servants in Kano state. 14 Independent categorical variables are included in the model to find the significant ones among them. We consider the two categories of better lifestyle as yes for better lifestyle (code 1) and no for not having better lifestyle (code 0). Different socio-demographic and economic characteristics are included as independent variables in the binary logistic regression model. Finally, the two independent variables Highest position held while in service, and the Nature of retirements were found statistically significant for better lifestyle of the retired civil servants in Kano States at p<0.01 and p <0.05 respectively.Odds for experiencing a better lifestyle after retirements for Senior employees is 1.88 times higher better lifestyle compare to the reference Category ( ie Managerial employees Category) .And also the Odds of having a better lifestyle for the Junior employee Category is 0.124 lower than the Reference Category ( Managerial Category ). Odds for experiencing better lifestyle for those who retired after reaching a statutory age of retirement is 0.67 times higher than those in the reference category ( ie Those who retired Voluntarily). And the Odds for having Better lifestyle for those who did Compulsory retirement is also 0.293 lower than those who retired Voluntarily. That means reaching high position in service brings a better life style after retirement for the civil servants in Kano State.

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Pages: 62-65

Cite this Article: Mustapha Usman Baba, Prof. Dr. Uttam Kumar Majumder, Mansur Idi, Ibrahim Isah, Kabiru S. Labaran , "LOGISTIC REGRESSION MODEL FOR LIFE STYLE OF RETIRED CIVIL SERVANTS IN KANO STATE (NIGERIA)", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 62-65 #ijarp


CRITICAL REVIEW ON PAST LITERATURE OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS IN PAKISTAN

Authors: DR..NAUSHAD KHAN

Abstracts: Rural development play key role in the development of a country and without rural development a country development is impossible because rural development highly co related with other sector of the country economic development. When Pakistan came into being on the map of the world on, 14 August, 1947. From that time rural development programs were started for the development of rural area, to improve quality life in rural area of Pakistan. Seeing to its importance and scope the present study was conducted in November 2017. The major objectives of the study was to critically review the past literature of the rural development programs to investigate the situation to what extent they found the success in these programs in Pakistan. Due to time and lack of finance purposively total 14 programs were selected for the study. Published data were used and reviewed each program 15 to 20 times and analyzed the situation in Pakistan. The critical review shows that all programs found success in the initial stages while latter on failed due to lack of fund, lack of coordination among the building department, political interference ,international threats, terrorism, lack of quality administration set up, ethnicity, lack of technical labor in the rural area, lack of rural community involvement, high poverty, lack of proper required education according to situation, staff absentee from the field duty, financial dependency on other and lack of fund availability in time etc. On the basis of study finding the following recommendations were suggested for its future solution. Such as it is advised by Pakistani community to select educated people in the assemblies by democracy; through these assemblies better organization and institution should be developed; Honest staff should be selected for the organization to run the system very well; Decision should be taken on national basis in the Assemblies; Program continuity till fruit bearing; Honest staff selection in the administration set up;; practical education provision to the community in rural area; Program and project preparation by trained expert committee for reduction of poverty etc.

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Pages: 66-78

Cite this Article: Dr..Naushad Khan , "CRITICAL REVIEW ON PAST LITERATURE OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS IN PAKISTAN", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 66-78 #ijarp


ASSESSING THE AVAILABILITY AND READINESS OF DIABETES HEALTHCARE SERVICE IN THE WEST REGION OF CAMEROON

Authors: JEROME ATEUDJIEU, MBUNKA MUHAMED AWOLU , YAKUM N. MARTIN, BAYIHA EUGENE JOEL, VUKUGAH ACHOMBWOM THOMAS, PIERRE WATCHO, ZOUNG-KANYI BISSEK ANNE-CéCILE

Abstracts: Background: the survival of diabetic patient depends on the capacity of the health facilities to offer an adequate minimum package of healthcare. The availability of the necessary resources conditions the quality healthcare offered by a health facility. Objective: to assess the readiness of diabetes healthcare service in the health facilities in the west region of cameroon materials and methods: we carried out a cross sectional descriptive survey in the west region of cameroon targeting health facilities. These were selected by stratified random sampling from may to july 2016. An observation checklist was filled with the help of the head of the health facility to assess the readiness of diabetes healthcare service. We estimate the proportions of health facilities that had laboratory equipment, basic equipment, diabetic medications/commodities and trained staff on diabetes management at 95% confident interval. Results: of 608 exiting health facilities in the region, 100 were selected, reached and included in the study. Of these, 91 (91% [ci±4.9%]) had glucometer, 26 (26% [ci ±8.26%]) had urine dip stick-glucose. 20 (20% [ci±3.53%]) had diabetes register, 27 (27% [c±8.47%]) of the hf had diabetes clinical guidelines and 53 (53% [ci±10.20]) had at least one oral anti diabetic drug, 49 (49% [ci±10.14%]) had insulin. Out of the 774 health personnel identified in the 100 health facilities, only 79 (10.2%) were trained on diabetes management with the majority from the district hospital. Conclusion: the general healthcare service readiness is inadequate for proper management of diabetes. Corrective measures should include the provision of adequate laboratory equipment, clinical guidelines and trained staff for early diagnosis and management of cases.

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Pages: 79-84

Cite this Article: Jerome Ateudjieu, Mbunka Muhamed Awolu , Yakum N. Martin, Bayiha Eugene Joel, Vukugah Achombwom Thomas, Pierre Watcho, Zoung-Kanyi Bissek Anne-Cécile , "ASSESSING THE AVAILABILITY AND READINESS OF DIABETES HEALTHCARE SERVICE IN THE WEST REGION OF CAMEROON", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 79-84 #ijarp


NATURAL HAZARDS AND THEIR IMPACTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA

Authors: ASIRU MONDAY ABBAS, IDOWU INNOCENT ABBAS, IYE GLORIA AGADA

Abstracts: The study assessed the impacts of natural hazards on the environment and agriculture in Nigeria as the cost of negative impacts of natural hazards either on the environment (natural and built environment) or food production is unimaginable. The aftermath of the 2012 flood in Nigeria was catastrophic as over 300 people lost their lives, more than 7 million people were affected and economic activities were paralyzed in a lot of places with huge damage to farmlands, houses and basic infrastructure. The devastating consequences of natural hazards are of immense magnitude or proportion particularly on the environment and agricultural activities and that is why it is imperative that pro-active measures must be taken by all and sundry to safeguard the environment so that investments in other fields of endeavours can be secured and made useful or productive to meet current needs without hampering the ability of the future or coming generations to meet their own needs. It is recommended that early warnings must be dispatched or sent out to people in hazard prone areas in the language that they understand and people in such areas should be ready to evacuate immediately to avoid loss of lives and minimize damage to their property. Each local government area should also strive to establish its own disaster risk reduction and emergency management authority to address emergencies locally before the arrival of help from the national body. Since man has no absolute control over natural hazards, it is also recommended that people should cultivate the habit of insuring their lives, farms and other assets that they have in order to mitigate the destructive impacts of natural hazards.

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Pages: 85-91

Cite this Article: Asiru Monday Abbas, Idowu Innocent Abbas, Iye Gloria Agada , "NATURAL HAZARDS AND THEIR IMPACTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 85-91 #ijarp


COMPARATIVE EFFECTS OF RUSSIAN CURRENT AND ISOMETRIC RESISTED EXERCISE ON QUADRICEPS ANGLE AND JOINT SPACE WIDTH AMONG PATIENTS WITH PRIMARY KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS

Authors: JOHN O. OMOLE, MICHAEL O. EGWU, ADESOLA O. OJOAWO, ABIOLA O. OGUNDELE

Abstracts: Background: Beneficial effects of Isometric Resisted Exercise (IRE) in the rehabilitation of patients with primary Knee Osteoarthritis (OA) are sometimes restricted due to associated co-morbidities. Objective: This study compared the effects of Russian Current (RC) and IRE in the management of patients with primary knee OA. Methods: A hospital-based quasi-experimental study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in Osun State. Forty-seven consenting patients with knee OA participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to either IRE only (IREO) group or IRE plus RC (IRERC) group. Each participant received treatment twice a week for a total of eight weeks. Effects of intervention were assessed in terms of quadriceps angle and joint space width at the 4th and 8th week of intervention. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with alpha set at p<0.05. Result: IRERC and IREO resulted in a significant mean change in quadriceps angle (IRERC – p=0.005: IREO – p=0.001) score. However, there was no significant mean change in joint space width of both groups (IRERC – p=0.334: IREO – p=0.433). Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the mean changes in quadriceps angle and joint space width scores between IRE plus RC and IRE only groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: Isometric resisted exercise alone had a significant effect on quadriceps angle in patients with primary knee OA. However, Russian current did not show additional effects.

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Pages: 92-99

Cite this Article: John O. Omole, Michael O. Egwu, Adesola O. Ojoawo, Abiola O. Ogundele , "COMPARATIVE EFFECTS OF RUSSIAN CURRENT AND ISOMETRIC RESISTED EXERCISE ON QUADRICEPS ANGLE AND JOINT SPACE WIDTH AMONG PATIENTS WITH PRIMARY KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 92-99 #ijarp


A CORRELATIONALSTUDY OF STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN BASIC SCIENCE SUBJECTS AND THEIR PERFORMANCEIN NIGERIA INSTITUTE OF LEATHER AND SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY (NILEST) ZARIA

Authors: OLAJIDE J.I; MARKUS.M; MIDAT C.Y.; IBRAHIM, I ISYAKU, S

Abstracts: Attempts are made in this paper to investigate the relationship between the student’s achievement in basic science subjects (chemistry, physics, biology) and theirperformance in Leather Technology courses (leather chemistry, physical Testing, Hide/skin improvement). In order to establish if their achievement in ordinary level (O/L) science subjects is a pointer to good performance in Leather Technology core- courses.The production of Leather is long and complicated process and certainly not one, can be embarked upon without specialized skills. These are the reason for the inclusion of sciences courses in Leather Technology programmes. Correlational research design was adopted to systematic investigate the performance of students in leather technology core courses in relation to their achievement in O/L science subjects using Spearman’s Rank order correlation coefficient. The results revealed positive correlation between O/L science subjects and leather technology core courses. It is empirically established from the study that students with good basic knowledge of science perform better in leather based course. The role of basic science subjects in leather technology programmes cannot be over emphasized, for it forms the basis for studying of Hides/ Skins processing. Therefore, it was concluded that basic science taught in secondary schools should be specialized toward students’ needs/ career.

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Pages: 100-104

Cite this Article: Olajide J.I; Markus.M; Midat C.Y.; Ibrahim, I Isyaku, S , "A CORRELATIONALSTUDY OF STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN BASIC SCIENCE SUBJECTS AND THEIR PERFORMANCEIN NIGERIA INSTITUTE OF LEATHER AND SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY (NILEST) ZARIA", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 100-104 #ijarp


COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING POTENTIAL OF SELECTED MYANMAR MEDICINAL PLANTS

Authors: MYA THIDA, KHIN MAR MYA, CHAN MYAE NYEIN, KHIN NYEIN CHAN, WAR WAR LWIN

Abstracts: The present investigation was to compare the effect of radical scavenging activity between the selected ethanol extracts of Phyllanthus maderaspatensis L., Croton oblongifolius Roxb and Cynodon dactylon Pers. The effective antioxidant activity of selected extracts on DPPH radical was showed in following orders: Phyllanthus maderaspatensis L.> Croton oblongifolius Roxb > Cynodon dactylon Pers with their IC50 values of 48µg/ml, 64µg/ml and116µg/ml respectively. Texted extracts were compared with the standard ascorbic acid and its IC50 value was 5.6µg/ml. For the scavenging effect of nitric oxide radical, Cynodon dactylon Pers showed the most effective with IC50 value of 5.2µg/ml than Croton oblongifolius Roxb and Phyllanthus maderaspatensis L. with their IC50 value were 44.1µg/ml and 61.9µg/ml respectively. Three tested extracts were less scavenging activity than the standard Gallic acid IC50 value of 3.58µg/ml. In the super oxide radical scavenging assay, Croton oblongifolius Roxb possessed the strongest scavenging activity with IC50 value of 15.5µg/ml comparing the standard Gallic acid IC50 of 1.79µg/ml. The IC50 value of Phyllanthus maderaspatensis L. and Cynodon dactylon Pers were 22.3µg/ml and 32.9µg/ml respectively. The radical inhibition (%) activity of tested extracted showed the concentration- dependent elevation with the smallest IC50 value. In this observation, each texted extracts possessed the antioxidant activity and each have the different radical scavenging effects.

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Pages: 105-109

Cite this Article: Mya Thida, Khin Mar Mya, Chan Myae Nyein, Khin Nyein Chan, War War Lwin , "COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING POTENTIAL OF SELECTED MYANMAR MEDICINAL PLANTS", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 105-109 #ijarp


EVALUATION OF KOTLER AND LEVY PUBLISHED RESEARCH WORK FOR BROADENING THE CONCEPT OF MARKETING

Authors: NAEEM SHAH, NAUSHAD KHAN, IKRAMUL HAQ

Abstracts: Marketing is a process which start from the demand of the commodity and end to reach consumer table. It play key role in the development of the world. Seeing to its scope the present study was conducted and the major objective was that to see the Kotler and Levy research work published in 1969. The present efforts launched to review the situation that how much really the Kotlerian thoughts have helped in moving the boundaries and limits of marketing subject from what it was in 1969 era. The present study aimed to answer the questions about the role played by the article published in 1969 in expanding the territorial limits of the marketing discipline. This study explained that how the published article contributed to the general discussion on the role of Kotlerian thoughts in expanding the limits of marketing. Thus, it will explore through: 1) How has been the work of the article in question applied since it is published, 2) How far has it been extended marketing boundaries and 3) What impact the Kotler and Levy work has on the field of marketing and consumer behavior? As is evident from the historical traces that the Kotler and Levy article of great marketing fame was published almost 44 years ago (1969) in the United States of America, in the renowned Journal of Marketing in its Volume(1)33 at pages 10 – 15 under the caption “Broadening the Concept of Marketing”. A number of artifacts motivated the authors to evaluate the Kotler & Levy’s article. However, the prominent of these factors are; a number of published materials on marketing issues the authors came across until now; one way or the other, this article has been referred to in all these works. Secondly, authors’ personal observations and feelings are that this paper really played the role of a stone thrown in a pond of water that creates waves reaching to the outer extremes of the pond. So in contemporary world marketing is everywhere; it starts as early as perceiving some thing economical and it transpires when the good or service is utilized by end-users/consumers. Furthermore, Johan Arndt article, “How Broad Should the Marketing Concept Be?”, published in 1978, the authors drew the conclusion that the Kotler and Levy work really has contributed a lot and because of their work now the territorial outskirts of the marketing discipline are reaching out to new limits. Personally, to the authors marketing subject is the sky of commercial world and like the divine sky marketing too does not have any limits. All this made possible because of the spadework done by the Kotler and Levy’s article, “Broadening the Concept of Marketing” published in the renowned marketing journal in 1969 and seconded by a huge community of researchers who constitute the Kotlerian School of thoughts. Today marketing subject covers every aspect from buzz marketing to societal marketing and credit goes to Kotler and Levy.

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Pages: 110-114

Cite this Article: Naeem Shah, Naushad Khan, Ikramul Haq , "EVALUATION OF KOTLER AND LEVY PUBLISHED RESEARCH WORK FOR BROADENING THE CONCEPT OF MARKETING", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 110-114 #ijarp


MAKING OF CERAMIC MEMBRANES FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT OF HYDROCARBON

Authors: MANSOOR KAZEMIMOGHADAM

Abstracts: Various types of liquid hydrocarbons are used.One of the problems of these hydrocarbons is the formation of hydrocarbon waste. Wastewater polluting the environment and should remove hydrocarbon contaminants before discharge into the environment or reduced. Different methods of physical, chemical, biological and thermal treatment of this type of wastewater is not a good performance.According to membrane technology for wastewater treatment, in this study, two layers ceramic membrane was made.The membrane consists of two base layers and the active layer was made. On the basis of various parameters such as percent alumina to kaolin, the baking temperature and pressure of hydraulic presses for making the base layer were examined. The effect of these parameters on exudate flux and porosity of the membrane was determined Created. The active layer of alumina was synthesized at 550 C on the base. The results showed that the supports of calcined in 1200 C include of 60% alumina and 200 bar pressure is good strength.At this condition, The porosity of the support is 41% and water permeability flux is 746 Kg/m2.hr. The performance of the membrane to remove waste oil to 88 per cent. The built-in membrane performance compared to polymeric membranes showed better performance.

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Pages: 115-120

Cite this Article: Mansoor Kazemimoghadam , "MAKING OF CERAMIC MEMBRANES FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT OF HYDROCARBON", International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications (IJARP), http://www.ijarp.org/online-papers-publishing/feb2018.html, Volume 2 - Issue 2, February 2018 Edition, 115-120 #ijarp